7th February, 1837 Colonel Light's first map of the capital city shows the site of Adelaide surrounded by proposed 'Park Grounds' in pursuance of his Instruction No 17.
31st July Foundation Act amended on the Commissioners recommendation, to allow a portion of the Land Fund to be appropriated for the purposes of the local government. (Vict. Act 60 31st July, 1838)
Loudon Suburban gardener, and villa companion: published
- see separate section specifically on the Adelaide Park Lands
1839-41 Chadwick, Poor Laws Commissioner, propounded a system of house drainage, main drainage, paving, and street-cleansing as an integral part of a single process mechanically motivated by the constant supply of water at high pressure.
Dr. Southwood Smith* chief witness on the sanitary movement. *His son was also a Doctor, and his grand-daughter Miss Octavia Hill was a co-founder of the National Trust.
Loudon publishes Hortus britannicus
Manchester - It took seven years of intense campaigning before Manchester set up the Committee for Public Walks, Gardens and Playgrounds, and opened its first three public parks in 1846.|
Before this time there had been no open spaces where working people could relax or walk. Few houses, except those of the very wealthy, even had back gardens, and any parks that did exist were in private ownership and not accessible to the general public.
(Manchester's Parks and Gardens webpage)
Select Committee on the Health of Towns obtained by Slaney
18th August Municipal Corporation of Adelaide Bill 3rd reading, amended and passed without Royal sanction
(This 'sanction' had been acceded to the Commissioners under King William IV as part of the 'self supporting', legislative assembly provisions of our Foundation Act 1834.
20th August Governor Gawler extends the electors boundary for the new Municipal Corporation of Adelaide (first such Council in Australasia), to 7 miles beyond the park lands.
The Commissioners system of regulations and novel insurance scheme for emigration ships, led to an improved Passenger Act adopted for all British colonies in 1840.
Loudon - The Cottager's Manual of Husbandry, Architecture, Domestic Economy, & Gardening
1st July NSW assignment of convict labour ends. NSW Bounty system of assisted immigration suspended.
Chadwick's Sanitary Report published - key concepts - administration, arterial system, civil engineering, public service
(First Federative Act) By the Act (5 & 6 Vict.) boundaries were established between WA, SA and NSW under Parliamentary sanction.
(NSW then included what we know now as Queensland and Victoria)
22nd June 1842 (Queen Victoria)|
An Act for regulating the Sale of Waste Lands belonging to the Crown in the Australian Colonies.
By Section 23 of this Act, the 'dedication' of public land in South Australia; and most importantly, the Adelaide Park lands; were secured to the public in perpetuity.
This right of 'dedicating' land for public purposes was extended to all other colonies in Australia and eventually to all other British colonies with Waste Lands.
This Imperial Waste Lands Act, increased the minimum price of land in all the Australian colonies to £1 an acre - half the proceeds to be used to encourage free migration, (as per the amended South Australian Wakefield Model).