Pioneer Ships to arrive in South Australia
17th January 1837
26th January 1837
9th February 1837
11th February 1837
|Sarah and Elizabeth||Hull|
14th April 1837
22nd April 1837
Passage and Selection Of The Emigrants
Under the Emigration Scheme, labouring classes received a free passage. They had to be between 15 and 30 years of age, preferably married and needed two references. Steerage passengers paid
£15-20, Middle Berth £35-40, Cabin class £70. Children under 14 years were charged £3 while those under 1 year were free.
Conditions on board
Although the ships had been assessed for their suitability to convey immigrants, the captain was responsible for their welfare once on board.
The larger emigrant vessels each carried a doctor who was paid 10/- per person landed in the colony as an innovative medical insurance scheme.
Even though there were a few deaths and births, these were minor compared with the Duchess of Northumberland's journey described left.
We can only imagine what it was like to spend 137 days or so cramped up on one of these small wooden ships, sailing half way round the world with the prospect of not even knowing where your final destination was to be or what you would find when you got there.
All emigration to South Australia was voluntary - remarkable also for the high percentage of women and children who arrived on our first fleet.
The 9 ships to arrive in South Australia in 1836 landed:- 343 males, 164 females and 129 children - total 636.
Their average age was only 19 years of age.